Fresh consumption of garlic is around 3500 tonnes imported mainly from China, Africa, Taiwan, NZ, and the US. While there has been a decline in production in Australia over the last ten years, there has been a resurgence of interest in Australian garlic in the last two years for the fresh and processing market. Introduction of improved, higher yielding varieties and a greater appreciation of the fresh product at retail level has improved the market prospects for locally grown garlic. This fact sheet includes information on the key production areas, soil and climate, varieties, planting material, land preparation and planting, nutrition, cultivation and weed control, irrigation, harvesting, grading and marketing, storage, yield, insect pests, and diseases of garlic.