Crop Information

To best understand the Australian system, it is important to understand where crops fall in the Codex crop groups.

The Codex crop groups are used by the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) as part of assessment, and when one of these crop groups is mentioned on-label or in a minor use permit they cover a particular group of crops.

Codex crop groups

It is important to identify which of the Codex crop groups the levied vegetables grown belong to. Refer to the table below to see all groups that include levied vegetables.
Reference Codex crop group Examples
009 Bulb vegetables Leek, spring onion, shallots
010 Brassica vegetables Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage
011 Fruiting vegetables – cucurbits Pumpkin, cucumber, zucchini
012 Fruiting vegetables – other than cucurbits Capsicum, chilli, sweet corn
013 Leafy vegetables Lettuce, spinach, kale
014 Legume vegetables Green bean, green pea, snow pea
016 Root and tuber vegetables Carrot, parsnip, yam
017 Stalk and stem vegetables Artichoke, celery, rhubarb
027 Herbs Parsley

Minor and major crops

Minor use permits have the intended purpose of normal use on a minor crop, and minor use on a major crop. Both ‘minor crop’ and ‘major crop’ are defined by the APVMA.

Specifically the guide for determining minor uses from the APVMA lists the major and minor crops.

Major vegetable crops

The following list is from the APVMA regarding which crops they consider to be ‘major’. This is important to understand when requesting a minor use permit.

Brassica vegetables

  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower

Fruiting vegetables – cucurbits

  • Melons
  • Pumpkin

Fruiting vegetables – other than cucurbits

  • Peppers

Leafy vegetables

  • Lettuce

Legume vegetables

  • Bean (French and runner)
  • Field pea
  • Green pea

Root and tuber vegetables

  • Carrot

This project is funded by Horticulture Innovation Australia Limited using the National Vegetable Levy funds from the Australian Government.


Minor use

Minor use is the permit system in Australia which allows for approved off-label use of agrichemicals for specific purposes. It is designed to assist minor crops gain greater access to agrichemicals when needed, and for approved minor use of agrichemicals on major crops.

Minor use is important because it plays an integral role in the Australian vegetable industry as on-label options are often limited for many vegetable crops, especially in the case of emerging crops grown for niche markets.

Strategic Agrichemical Review Process

To best understand the needs of vegetable growers, documents which represent current requirements are needed. The following Strategic Agrichemical Review Process (SARP) documents were produced with collaboration from growers across Australia.

Current vegetable SARP documents

As they were originally prepared in 2014, these documents may not currently represent the needs and major pest issues of vegetable growers.