This project was initiated as a result of action by the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) which is reviewing the chemicals Dimethoate and Fenthion. Both chemicals are widely used for pest control purposes in Australian horticulture, particularly to control Queensland Fruit Fly. Substantial changes in regulation are likely to have dramatic implications for Australian horticulture industry. In response to the current APVMA reviews AUSVEG undertook this project to better educate growers on issues concerning changing regulations as well as alternative treatments to Dimethoate and Fenthion (D&F) for fruit fly. These alternative treatments were heat and low Methyl bromide fumigation, cold disinfestation, irradiation and a systems approach.