The Australian vegetable industry is located in regions with high environmental value. Growers have for many years aimed to adopt sustainable management practices that minimise the impact on the environment, and the industry has promoted efficient management practices and environmental assurance programs with the flagship program being EnviroVeg. Whilst these programs are popular, the industry as a whole has done minimal reporting on its environmental performance and achievements. An environmental assessment was therefore undertaken to measure the performance of the industry with regard to good environmental practices and also the impact it is having on the environment around it. The aims of this national environmental assessment were to inform the vegetable growers and other interested groups of the environmental performance of the sector, provide a baseline for future assessments and inform future strategic industry investments.