This project provides an informed summary of current food security in Australia with particular reference to horticulture, explores possible future scenarios of food security in Australia and assesses the threats and opportunities they pose, and recommends strategies and actions that the horticulture industry in Australia could implement to address food security and in particular, identify research and development priorities. The study has reviewed data regarding food production, supply, sources and demand in Australia, reviewed domestic and international policies and programs addressing food security, gathered perspectives on food security issues from a range of stakeholders in the Australian food industry, and assessed the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats arising from current trends and possible future scenarios in food security.