Generation of residue and crop safety data for pesticide minor-use permit applications in vegetable crops 2012 – CPR
Growers of some horticultural crops are left exposed to greater production risk and can incur significant crop losses when pesticides are not registered for use on their crop(s); because insect pests, weeds and diseases are inadequately controlled. This occurs when a cost-benefit analysis indicates that the cost of generating data and preparing data packages for product registration is significantly higher than the additional sales that may be generated from a new registration. To address this situation, sometimes referred to as a market-failure, the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA), who regulate pesticide-use in Australia, developed a permit system whereby, they permit the use of a pesticide on a crop after reviewing less data than would otherwise be reviewed when a manufacturer registers a pesticide. Because the amount of supportive data required for permits is typically much lower than is required for a full registration, growers and peak industry bodies sometimes contribute funds towards the generation of residue data and its submission to the APVMA to secure permits for their grower members. This report summarises the work undertaken by Crop Protection Research Pty Ltd to generate residue data and to prepare and submit permit applications for the use of a range of agrichemicals in a variety of crops. Table 1 details the pesticides for which data was generated in each crop and briefly outlines the relevant permits related to the data generation. The table also updates the progress of permit applications.