The selective use of pesticides to control pests, weeds and diseases plays an important role in increasing production, improving the quality of Australia’s horticultural crops and enabling growers to earn reasonable returns on their investments. At the same time, today’s health conscious society is extremely sensitive to issues relating to chemical use and it is essential that consumers be protected by adequate regulations governing the use of agrochemicals. The introduction of new and emerging crops, pesticide resistance, integrated pest management, the continual vigilance of horticultural industries for improved agrochemical choices and the disinclination of manufacturers to register for minor crops has led to the need for this project. A total of 62 residue trials were conducted, from 2008 to 2010, in specified regions throughout Australia. All the data from this project will be submitted to the APVMA together with the relevant applications for permits/permit renewals.