- Leafhoppers – an overview
- Leafhopper species, hosts, and damage
- Pest management
- Source of information and related tools
Leafhoppers are small, active and wedge-shaped, ranging in colour from yellow or bright green through to brown. The adults tend to leap when disturbed and can travel long distances. They are favoured by warm, dry conditions. Leafhoppers can be found on plant foliage. In lettuce they prefer to feed on the underside of leaves of young plants. In beans they may also be found on pods. Both the adults and nymphs suck plant sap and inject toxins. They can transmit diseases such as viruses and mycoplasma.
Host vegetable crops
|Vegetable leafhopper (Austroasca viridigrisea)||Adults are slightly bluish-green, about 3 mm long, with wings that extend beyond the abdomen. Almost identical to the Lucerne leafhopper.||Leafy vegetables; cucurbit vegetables; carrots; potatoes; tomatoes; eggplant; beans.||Suck sap and inject toxins, resulting in white spots (stippling) on the leaves. Wilting and silvering of the leaves occurs if infestations are heavy.|
Leafhoppers can be controlled and managed by implementing an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) or Integrated Crop Protection (ICP) program. In ICP, the main aim is not zero pests, but rather sustainable pest management to reduce damage to below economic levels. Insecticides can be used if pest numbers become high and damage is detected. A combination of cultural, biological and chemical management options should be used to manage leafhoppers.
- Cultural control – Well-watered, vigorously growing crops can tolerate damage.
- Biological control – Predatory bugs and spiders will attack leafhoppers. Unnecessary sprays for leafhoppers will adversely affect these and other beneficial insects and may trigger other pests such as Heliothis (Helicoverpa).
- Chemical control – Vegetable leafhoppers can be easily controlled with systemic pesticides. For more information about current chemical options refer to the APVMA website, or a commercial chemical database.
- Leafhoppers (Jassids) in field crops
- Pest and Disease Management – Vegetables WA
- Green beans: insect pests, beneficials and diseases
- Cucurbit Ute Guide -
- Pests, beneficials, diseases, and disorders in lettuce: field identification guide
- Integrated pest management in lettuce: information guide
- Best practice – Sclerotinia in lettuce
- Lettuce Best Practice - Integrated Pest Management Guide
- Insect pests of cucurbit vegetables
- Pests, Beneficials, Diseases and Disorders in Cucurbits
- Pests, Diseases, Disorders and Beneficials in Greenhouse Vegetables: Field Identification Guide
- The Good Bug Book (2nd Edition) and CD
- Diseases of Cucurbit Vegetables
- Australian Vegetable Growing Handbook