To build upon the commercial lettuce IPM demonstrations in 2004-5 (HAL project VG04067) and in Victoria and Tasmania in 2006/7, Sydney 2007/8 (HAL project VG05044) and from all previous lettuce IPM projects to address barriers to IPM adoption. This project has developed IPM strategies for lettuce including, testing CLA resistant lettuce varieties, using cereal crops as ‘nurseries’ for beneficial insects, trials with low toxicity pesticides, evaluating the effects of current pesticides on beneficial insects, extending effectiveness of natural pesticides, and demonstrations comparing IPM management to conventional farming.